Bladder Function Testing

Urodynamics assesses how the bladder and urethra are performing their job of storing and releasing urine. This test is typically performed for women who have problems with incontinence (involuntary loss of urine), urgency, or frequent urination. Urinary incontinence is the inability to control the release of urine from your bladder. Some people experience occasional, minor leaks — or dribbles — of urine. Others wet their clothes frequently.

Types of urinary incontinence include:

Stress incontinence. This is loss of urine when you exert pressure — stress — on your bladder by coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or lifting something heavy. Stress incontinence occurs when the sphincter muscle of the bladder is weakened. Commonly, you have pelvic organ prolapse as well. This prolapse can include bladder prolapse (cystocele), rectal prolapse (rectocele), and uterine prolapse. In women, physical changes resulting from pregnancy, childbirth and menopause can cause pelvic organ prolapse and stress incontinence.

Urge incontinence. This is a sudden, intense urge to urinate, followed by an involuntary loss of urine. Your bladder muscle contracts and may give you a warning of only a few seconds to a minute to reach a toilet. With urge incontinence, you may need to urinate often, including throughout the night.

Overflow incontinence. If you frequently or constantly dribble urine, you may have overflow incontinence, which is an inability to empty your bladder. Sometimes you may feel as if you never completely empty your bladder. When you try to urinate, you may produce only a weak stream of urine. This type of incontinence may occur in people with a damaged bladder, blocked urethra or nerve damage.

Mixed incontinence. If you experience symptoms of more than one type of urinary incontinence, such as stress incontinence and urge incontinence, you have mixed incontinence.

Urodynamic testing is the most precise way to measure how the bladder is functioning and can be used to determine what type of incontinence you have. Urodynamic tests can help determine the best treatment options.

For more information, contact our office at (662) 236-5717 or 1-800-277-5717.